C4EDC4ED

By Admin

Ethiopia | Alternative basic education

Picture: courtesy of M. Nikravech

Background

On behalf of UNICEF and the Ministry of Education of Ethiopia, we are conducting an impact evaluation in order to assess the effectiveness, relevance, and sustainability of the Alternative Basic Education (ABE) program. The study aims to provide lessons learnt, best practices, and challenges that will inform the future programming and implementation of ABE.

ABE stems from the effort of the Ethiopian government to provide better access to quality primary education for out-of-school and hard-to-reach children from pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities. By the year 2014-2015, the number of ABE centers in Ethiopia reached 3,932 and has still been increasing since. ABE offers a flexible education environment – in terms of adaption of times of learning to accommodate local conditions and needs of learners and parents – in order to meet the learning needs of pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities in Ethiopia.

Evaluation

The evaluation strategy is based on a mixed-methods approach. It first involves a quantitative quasi-experimental impact evaluation based on “matching”, using primary data collected during a large scale household and school survey. The qualitative approach is based on qualitative field interviews and focus group discussions. To perform the matching approach, we artificially created a control group using a random sampling approach stratified by primary education program (either government ABE or primary school) which have not yet benefited from the UNICEF-supported ABE program. We then compare the performance of children of this control villages to children of randomly selected “UNICEF ABE-treated” villages (treatment group), matching each village and household from the control and the treatment groups based on various characteristics (socio-economic characteristics of villages and households as well as parenting skills of parents). Therewith, both the modalities and the general impact of the program are assessed. In addition, the study comprises a review of secondary data and documentation. The regions of investigation are Afar, Somali and Oromia.

By Admin

India, Pakistan | Adolescents empowerment program

Picture: courtesy of Kazi Ahraful Alam

Background

In cooperation with UNICEF in India and Pakistan, we assess the impacts of a large-scale program that target adolescents, their families and community stakeholders in both countries. The program objectives include an increase in adolescents’ empowerment and a reduction in early marriage and teenage pregnancy, among others.

In many countries, children and youth’s rights still fail to be respected. For instance, in South Asia, including Pakistan, large proportions of youth are deprived of education. Moreover, child and early marriage is a widespread practice, which is illegal and often happens without consent. Empowering youth, especially young women, is one way of fighting these practices. It is key to achieve inclusive development and has a phenomenal multiplier effect across all development areas.

Evaluation

UNICEF with support by the IKEA Foundation launched a multiyear adolescents’ empowerment program that holistically integrates adolescents, their families and community stakeholders in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. With a strong focus on empowerment, the program aims to enhance adolescents’ decision-making power and sensitize their families and communities regarding the fulfillment of adolescents’ rights and entitlements. Ultimately the program seeks to increase enrollment in education facilities, reduce early marriage and tackle teenage pregnancy.

With the impact evaluation design being integrated early on, along with the planning stages of the programs of UNICEF India and Pakistan, a rigorous evaluation has been embedded directly into the program in order to learn what works for adolescent empowerment. The impact evaluation will also support UNICEF in understanding how positive masculinities could play a role in empowerment.

Ethiopia | Alternative basic education
India, Pakistan | Adolescents empowerment program