C4EDC4ED

By Admin

Pakistan | Disaster Resilience and recovery

Background

A large-scale randomized control trial is carried out in natural disaster-prone areas in Pakistan to assess the impacts of a comprehensive program on water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH), shelter, food security and livelihood.

Natural disasters, such as floods, droughts, heat waves, earthquakes affect many regions of Pakistan on a frequent basis. In the past years, some areas of the country have been hit by floods multiple times, exacerbating their overall vulnerability to shocks, poverty, malnutrition, and food insecurity.

Evaluation

A disaster resilience and recovery program is implemented by the French Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED) in several hundred villages in disaster-prone areas. The program intends to build local capacities, meet lifesaving needs and support community level recovery in order to prepare communities for future shocks and to increase their resilience to natural disasters. The program encompasses various interventions to improve shelter, water, sanitation, hygiene, food security and livelihood. The livelihood support component includes animal health protection, animal feeding support, livestock management and flood tolerant rice varieties. The disaster resilience and recovery program is evaluated using a randomized control trial. The results of the evaluation from the first year will feed into the program’s four year planning, allowing policy makers to adjust interventions according to the evaluation’s results.

By Admin

Ghana | Sustainable waste management

Picture credits: Recycle Up! Ghana

Background 

In cooperation with the existing waste- and recycling operations of Technology without Borders e.V. in Ghana, we support the Project “Recycle Up! Ghana” with monitoring and evaluation. Waste management is a key component of sustainable development. In Ghana, the increasing proportion of plastic in total waste and its unwary disposal substantially affects the majority of cities and communities. Estimates suggest that up to 70 percent of approximately 2000 tons of daily plastic waste in the country end up on the streets. Drinking water and groceries in Ghana are contained in little plastic sachets and plastic bags, respectively. Most of these bags find their way on the street where they clog drains and consequently increase the risk of destructive flooding during the rainy season. Research has shown that part of the cholera outbreak in Ghana’s capital Accra in 2014 can be attributed to the use of plastic bags, such as those found on the street, for other purposes than intended (e.g. “flying toilet”).

Evaluation

The goal of the project »Recycle Up! Ghana« is to increase teenagers’ awareness about adverse societal effects of pollution and to empower them to develop recycling solutions. Consequently, the organization adopts a long term, sustainable approach. Following the idea of “local problems can best be solved by local people,” the initiative organizes a camp to educate young Ghanaian Senior High School Students to become “Recycle Up! Ambassadors”. The training includes expert inputs about waste and waste management, personality development as well as soft skill trainings. It stimulates creativity and entrepreneurship. Therefore, these “Recycle Up!” summer camps equip local, high potential students with means to work on own creative solutions. The first “Recycle Up! Ghana Summer Camp” took place in Kumasi for two weeks in August 2014. During this summer camp 28 students from 9 different Senior High Schools worked together on solutions for local plastic waste problems. In several follow-up projects, former camp participants implemented local recycling stations in all nine participating Senior High Schools. Moreover, several waste collection and separation systems have been installed on KNUST campus, the second largest university campus in Ghana. In 2015 two “Recycle Up! Ghana” summer camps took place in Cape Coast and Kumasi, extending the local focus of the initiative as well as the outreach with a total of 16 schools involved. C4ED, together with the local group of Technology without Borders e.V., is currently developing a monitoring and evaluation framework to assess ex-post impacts on the local communities.

Pakistan | Disaster Resilience and recovery
Ghana | Sustainable waste management