C4EDC4ED

By Marija

Türkei | Die Einbindung der Geflüchteten in den Arbeitsmarkt

Hintergrund

C4ED hat ein KfW-geführtes Projekt zur Einbindung von Geflüchteten in den Arbeitsmarkt unterstützt.

Zahlreiche Konflikte beruhen auf massiven Bevölkerungsverlagerungen innerhalb und außerhalb von Konfliktbetroffenen Ländern. Solche Verlagerungen führen zu zahlreichen Herausforderungen bezüglich menschlicher Grundrechte, Integration und Infrastrukturen, neben Weiteren. Zurzeit beherbergt die Türkei weltweit den größten Teil syrischer Flüchtlinge, die durch den anhaltenden syrischen Bürgerkrieg vertrieben wurden. Eine aktuelle Studie hat ergeben, dass etwa 97 Prozent der weiblichen syrischen Flüchtlinge nicht in der Lage waren, ein eigenes Einkommen zu erwirtschaften, und nahezu 80 % haben weder genug Nahrung, noch die finanziellen Mittel genug Nahrungsmittel für die nächsten sieben Tage zu kaufen (AFAD 2014). Hinzu kommt, dass hunderttausende der Geflüchteten eine unzureichende Berufsausbildung sowie mangelhafte sprachliche Fähigkeiten haben, was zu unangemessenen Arbeitsvoraussetzungen führt.

Evaluation

C4ED hat Forschungen zu möglichen politischen Mitteln zur Integration von syrischen Flüchtlingen in den türkischen Arbeitsmarkt durchgeführt. Das Entwickeln und Anwenden von effizienten Maßnahmen zur Integration von syrischen Flüchtlingen in den türkischen Arbeitsmarkt, begleitet von strengen Wirkungsevaluationen, wird essenziell sein für eine langfristige Integration in der türkischen Gesellschaft.

By Marija

Turkey | Refugees integration

Background

C4ED supported a KfW-spearhead project in Turkey on refugees’ integration into the labor market.

Conflicts result in massive displacements of population within and outside the conflict-afflicted countries. Such displacements raise numerous challenges in terms of human rights, integration, and infrastructures, among others. Currently, Turkey hosts the world’s largest community of Syrian refugees displaced by the ongoing conflict in Syria. A recent survey indicated that about 97 percent of female Syrians living in host communities have not been able to earn an income, and almost 80 percent of respondents neither have sufficient food nor the financial resources to purchase food for the upcoming seven days (AFAD 2014). Furthermore, hundreds of thousands of refugees have insufficient vocational education and language skills resulting in inadequate job opportunities.

Evaluation

C4ED conducted research on potential policy instruments for the integration of Syrian refugees into the Turkish labor market. Finding and implementing effective measures for the integration of Syrian refugees into the Turkish labor market, complemented by rigorous impact evaluations, will be essential for their long-term integration into Turkish society.

By Marija

Pakistan | Rural development and community economic strengthening

Picture: courtesy of E. Camargo

Background

In Sindh, Pakistan, we assist the Rural Support Programmes Network (RSPN) in the monitoring and evaluation of the Sindh Union Council and Community Economic Strengthening Support (SUCCESS) Programme to document its overall impact and effectiveness. SUCCESS is a project supported by the European Commission and aims at introducing local community driven development initiatives in rural areas of Sindh province.

Building on SUCCESS and the GoSindh’s UCBPRP, the EU along with national partners has launched a similar initiative (Balochistan Rural Development & Community Empowerment Programme) to be implemented in Balochistan, Pakistan.

South Asia is one of the most poverty stricken regions of the world and suffers from increasing inequalities and from extreme forms of social exclusion as well as huge infrastructure gaps. This high level of poverty exists despite the South Asian region experiencing one of the highest economic growth rates in the world with projection of increased economic growth rate of 7.6% in 2017 from 7% in 2015. To address extreme poverty and reduce inequality in developing and developed countries, inclusive growth is essential (OECD 2015). Number 8 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals declared in 2015 is to “promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment as well as decent work for all” (UN 2015).

Evaluation

Using a social mobilization approach through trainings, a community investment fund and insurance benefit, SUCCESS aims to reduce poverty in rural areas of eight districts of Sindh Province, thereby mobilizing and capacitating approximately 770,000 rural households. The program pays special attention to empowering women and seeks to increase poor households’ incomes by 30%, to diversify sources of income, to upgrade sustainable community infrastructures and productive assets, as well as to create a policy and budget framework for community-driven local development in Sindh province to be implemented from 2018 onward.

A rigorous monitoring and evaluation will be used to estimate the program’s impacts by tracking randomly selected households over five years. It will examine household poverty dynamics and provide further insights about the causes of chronic poverty. This will contribute to reducing the research gap in this field. Also, as the project proceeds, the changes in the lives of project beneficiaries will be documented to find what works, what does not work and why. In this way, these studies will not only inform mid-course project correction but will also inform other development organizations, the federal government, academia, civil society and the government of Sindh to design and implement effective poverty reduction strategies.

This project is complemented by an initiative that builds upon these community-based organizational structures to improve the local conditions in the villages focusing on Water, Immunization, Sanitation and Education (WISE). Communities are asked to develop action plans for these four WISE sectors, with subsequent monitoring and impact evaluations.

In addition, we support the development of a Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Framework for the project “Balochistan Rural Development & Community Empowerment Programme” (BRDCEP). The program will be implemented by the EU along with the implementing partners National Rural Support Programme (NRSP), Balochistan Rural Support Programme (BRSP) and the Rural Support Programmes Network (RSPN). BRDCEP builds upon SUCCESS and GoSindh’s UCBPRP and will be rolled in eight rural districts of Balochistan province. More specifically, our support includes the preparation of a common approach to undertake the baselines (methodology, indicators, targets, processes and tools) and an action research on poverty dynamics in Balochistan.

Pakistan | Ländliche Entwicklung und wirtschaftliche Stärkung der Gesellschaft
Pakistan | Rural development and community economic strengthening