Project Description

Pictures courtesy of Katia Gallegos/ Viviana Garcia


C4ED is advising UNICEF and the government of Pakistan for the upcoming child labor surveys in Pakistan.

According to global estimates by the International Labour Organization, more than 168 million children are engaged in child labor worldwide, out of which 86 million in hazardous occupations. The harmful relationship between children’s work and their health, education, and well-being is well documented. In Pakistan a large proportion of children and young adolescents are involved in child labor. These occupations are often harmful to their health, safety or morals. Especially in the informal sector, the worst forms of child labor are common, often in the form of bonded labor, linked to the pesghi debt bondage system, and include engagement in illicit activities (such as drug production and trafficking), begging, sexual exploitation and armed conflict.


Updated data on the scope and major causes of child labor in Pakistan is urgently needed, as the last national child labor survey took place in 1996. C4ED supports UNICEF and the Government of Pakistan in the preparation of child labor surveys in the country. We provide assistance and advice with regard to the survey design and implementation and we analyze the prevalence and incidence of child labor as well as its causes and consequences. In addition to providing up-to-date disaggregated information on child labor, the survey also serves as a baseline for evaluations of programs to reduce child labor.